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    Terrorism is a political philosophy and tactic which is based on using terror to achieve political objectives. This is based on using violence against government or civilian targets to make certain groups, usually the status-quo government, conform to their demands.

    The term "terrorism" originated during the French Revolution, but its use has become widespread since the 20th century with the emergence of many terrorist groups and states, as well as groups and states accused of being terroristic, around the world.

    Terrorism is not within a specific position within the Political Compass, because it is a broad ideology that can be used by anyone regardless of their ideology.

    Types of terrorism

    Left-Wing Terrorism

    Left-Wing Terrorism is a type of terrorism that is practiced by organizations with communist, socialist, left-anarchist and other left-wing ideologies. For the most part, this type of terrorism is directed against capitalist or right-wing objectives, and it was a type of terrorism that was widely practiced during the 70s and 80s. Some examples of leftist terrorist organizations are the FARC, Shining Path, Red Brigades, New People's Army and RAF. In the modern day, it's quite rare in developed countries and is far more common in the third world.

    Right-Wing Terrorism

    Right-Wing Terrorism is a type of terrorism practiced by organizations with fascist, neo-nazi, anti-communist, right-anarchist and other right-wing ideologies. This is based on attacking objectives that are considered communist or leftist and was very popular in the 70s, having a resurgence from the 90s to the present. Some examples of rightist terrorist organizations are the Contras, AUC, Combat 18 and Grey Wolves.

    Nationalist Terrorism

    Nationalist Terrorism refers to terrorism that is driven by nationalist or separatist ideas, depending on the country. They are mostly motivated by strong ultranationalism and aim to defend national sovereignty from what they see as "foreign threats" or, in the case of the separatists, rebel against what they see as an "oppressive government" and thus way to achieve independence from their nation. Nationalist terrorists can be either leftist (eg ETA and IRA) or rightist (eg Patrick Wood Crusius), or neither (eg Black Hand).

    Narcoterrorism

    Narcoterrorism is a type of terrorism used by drug traffickers for different reasons, whether it be to instill fear among the population, defend their interests or attack targets they consider enemies. For example, the Medellín Cartel in Colombia or Los Zetas in Mexico were known to carry out terrorist attacks to strike fear into their enemies. In the same way, mafias and street gangs have also used terrorism for similar purposes (see for example the Capaci bombing).

    Religious Terrorism

    Religious Terrorism refers to terrorism committed to achieve certain religious goals, or from influence by religious beliefs and/or identity. There are many examples of religious terrorist groups in history, of which Al-Qaeda and ISIS are probably most well-known.

    Al-Qaeda is a pan-Islamist jihadist organization led by Sunni Islamists, which has conducted acts of terrorism against the US and its allies such as the 1998 US embassy bombings, the USS Cole bombing, and most notably, the September 11 attacks in 2001, during which a team of 11 hijackers deliberately caused 4 passenger jets to be crashed into the World Trade Center twin towers, the Pentagon, and (after a foiled hijacking) a field in Pennsylvania, all in the United States, causing a total confirmed death toll of 2,996 people.

    ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) is a Salafi jihadist organization, known for its control of partial Iraqi and Syrian territory since 2014, as well as numerous acts of terrorism and human rights violations across the world, but especially in the Middle East. During its rule in Northern Iraq, it launched a genocide against Yazidis, engaged in persecution of Christians and Shia Muslims, and publicized videos of beheadings of soldiers, journalists, and aid workers. The group has also perpetrated massacres in territories outside of its control, such as the November 2015 Paris attacks, the 2024 Kerman bombings, and the Crocus City Hall attack in March 2024. During the peak of its terrorist attacks and territorial control, ISIS has caused the deaths of about 30,000 people[3].

    Eco-Terrorism

    Eco-Terrorism refers to terrorism committed in support of environmentalist causes. Examples of practitioners include Ted Kaczynski and Earth First!, though the latter has not actually caused any deaths and has been labeled eco-terrorist for the significant economic damages caused by their activities. Ted Kaczynski, between 1978 and 1995, has killed 3 people and injured 23 others in a nationwide mail bombing campaign against people he believed to be advancing modern technology and the destruction of the natural environment.

    Gender Terrorism

    Gender Terrorism refers to terrorism that targets people of a particular gender or sexuality. This includes terrorists who are influenced by misogyny, misandry, homophobia, transphobia, and other discriminatory ideas. An example of this is the Pulse nightclub shooting in 2016, during which a lone shooter killed 49 people and injured 53 others at Pulse, a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida, in the United States. Another example of this is the École Polytechnique massacre, an anti-feminist mass shooting at the École Polytechnique de Montréal in Montréal, Quebec, in Canada, during which a lone shooter, claiming that he was "fighting feminism", killed 14 women and and injured 10 women and 4 men.

    Individualist Terrorism

    Conspiracy of Fire Nuclei
    Informal Anarchist Federation

    State Terrorism & State-Sponsored Terrorism

    Wikipedia: State Terrorism & State-Sponsored Terrorism

    State Terrorism is when a government directly carries out an act of terrorism by itself. The most well-known example of this was during the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution, when the provisional government carried out the executions by guillotine of about 40,000 people accused of treason, clericalism, pro-monarchist sentiment, and anti-revolutionary thought. Another example of this is the Imperial Japanese Army conducting a massacre of about 200,000-300,000 Chinese civilians in Nanjing in 1937 and 1938, as part of a terror campaign in their effort to capture China in World War 2. Another example of this is the Apartheid government in South Africa, which between 1979 and 1990, used a branch of the police to bomb civilian buildings and assassinate anti-Apartheid activists, in an effort to support Apartheid. A well-known fictional example of State Terrorism is the planet destroyer superweapons from Star Wars, including the Death Star built by the Galactic Empire, which destroyed the entire planets of Alderaan and Despayre, as well as the Garrison Moon of Kessel, killing over 2 billion individuals in total; as well as Starkiller Base built later by the First Order, which killed about 155 billion individuals when it destroyed the entirety of the Hosnian System.

    State-Sponsored Terrorism is when a government uses a non-state terrorist group as a proxy, but does not directly carry out the acts of terrorism by itself. An example of this is the government of Pakistan, which had created and nurtured various terrorist groups to achieve its short-term foreign policy goals in the 1980s under president Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq.

    Personality

    Terrorism is this is a radical person who intends to fight for his beliefs by force.

    How to Draw

    Flag of Terrorism
    1. Draw a ball.
    2. Color it black.
    3. Slightly above the middle, draw a white skull.
    4. Below the skull, draw two white assault rifles crossed in an X shape.
    5. Draw the eyes, and make them red and angry-looking.
    6. (Optional) Add a lethal weapon prop, like an assault rifle, knife, explosive belt, or bomber jet.
    7. You're done!
    Color Name HEX RGB
    Black #181818 24, 24, 24
    White #FFFFFF 255, 255, 255


    Relations

    Friends

    Frenemies

    • Discriminationism - On the right track, but way too peaceful most of the time.
    • Bigotism - Hatred without a gun is useless.
    • Kaczynskism - 3 people is a pathetic kill count, but at least you had the right ideas.
    • Stratocracy - Sometimes uses me, sometimes fights against me.

    Enemies

    Further Information

    Wikipedia

    Navigation


    1. Mainly state terrorism.
    2. Mainly state terrorism.
    3. https://cdn.statcdn.com/Infographic/images/normal/20255.jpeg
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