Neorealism also called Structural Realism is a theory of international relations that believes power is the most important factor in international relations.
State of Anarchy and Security Dilemma
Neorealism states that the ordering principle of international structure is the state of anarchy, which means that there is no singular authority to enforce laws regulating behavior of states on international stage. This means that states will almost always act in accordance to logic of egoism with their own interests and security in mind and not subordinating to the interests of other states.
States are assumed at a minimum to want to ensure their own survival as this is a prerequisite to pursue other goals. This driving force of survival is the primary factor influencing their behavior and in turn ensures states develop offensive military capabilities for foreign interventionism and as a means to increase their relative power. Because states can never be certain of other states' future intentions, there is a lack of trust between states which requires them to be on guard against relative losses of power which could enable other states to threaten their survival. This lack of trust, based on uncertainty, is called the security dilemma.
Relative Gains and Balance of Power
Neorealism is strongly concerned with the concept of "Relative Gains", meaning becoming stronger in relation to other states. In Neorealism's view, it's most important to be more powerful than other states, this means Neorealism will advocate actions that might even weaken their own nation if that will mean their rivals become weakened even more and in the end their own nation will come out on top. The desire and relative abilities of each state to maximize their relative power constrain each other, resulting in a 'balance of power', which shapes international relations.
Defensive and Offensive Realism
There are two branches of Neorealism - Defensive and Offensive Realism. Defensive Realism posits that most states concentrate on maintaining their security, while Offensive Realism claims that all states seek to gain as much power as possible
Neorealism is a very competitive ball, he loves to defeat their opponents in with complex strategies. Neorealism is also very egoistic and distrustful of others which also leads to him being unable to stay in good relations with others for longer time, with the one exception being Neoliberalism with whom Neorealism loves to debate.
How to Draw
- Draw a dark grey (#202020) ball
- Draw white king chess piece
- Draw two white chess pawns on each side of the king
- Add eyes
- Neoconservatism - My dear student.
- Imperialism - I learned much from you.
- Neoliberalism - Neo-Neo debate buddy.
- Jingoism - You understand the basics but insist on ignoring the soft power approach even when it's useful.
- Globalism - Noooo! Interdependency is threatening our power!
- Alt-Globalism - Noooo! This is threatening our hegemony!