Philosophical Cynicism is a philosophy advocating that money, power, fame, and all other conventional desires are the wrong things to chase, and that virtue leads to true happiness. Philosophical Cynicism also dislikes the superficiality of society and how it encourages the endless and meaningless pursuit of power and money.
- self sufficiency
- living in peace with nature
- not putting arbitrary value onto things in order to trick people into seeking it (typically referring to money)
- and destruction of the nomos of society: the laws, customs, and social conventions that people take for granted.
This is all to achieve Eudaimonia, or human flourishing
Diogenes was a remarkable individual, and Cynicism simps for him (can you really blame him? Diogenes was badass).
Diogenes used his simple lifestyle and behavior to criticize the social values and institutions of what he saw as a corrupt, confused society. He was known for sleeping, eating, shitting, and pissing wherever and whenever he chose in a highly non-traditional fashion, and took to toughening himself against nature. This was done by giving up all possessions but a barrel to live in and he would eat raw food and drink dirty water. He once told ALEXANDER THE FUCKING GREAT to get out of his light after Alexander praised Diogenes and offered him any favor he wanted! Plato once gave the definition of man as "featherless bipeds," (they did not know of anything that walked on two legs and didn't have feathers at the time), Diogenes proceeded to pluck a chicken and brought it into Plato's Academy, saying, "Behold! I've brought you a man," and so the Academy added "with broad flat nails" to the definition. My favorite story of Diogenes is when he saw a prostitutes son throwing rocks at a crowd and he told the child, "Careful, don't hit your father".
Its easy to see why Diogenes is often the first person on mind when you mention cynic philosophy.
Modern Cynicism AKA Cynicalism
in 2nd Century AD, A roman satirist named Lucian often described Cynics of his time as unprincipled, materalistic, self-promoting hypocrites, who only preach what Diogenes practiced. Centuries later, Renaissance and Reformation writers, reading off of Lucian's texts, began calling their rivals Cynics as an insult as people who criticized others while having nothing worthwhile to say themselves, which later turned into the modern definition of "Cynic" - a person who thinks that everyone acts out of pure self-interest, even when having a higher motive for that.
- Anarchy - You want to eliminate the cause of all nomos
- Anarcho-Primitivism - Ooga Booga? Ooga Booga indeed!
- Virtue Ethics - Only thing that matters really.
- Primal Primitivism - Dogs are much wiser then humans.
- Nihilism - You reject desires and you're extremely effective at getting your message across, but you are in no way virtuous and i could even say that you are a net HARM to cynicism.
- Misanthropy - You misunderstand me. It is true that I do mock and jeer my fellow men, but unlike other dogs who bite only there enemies, I bite also my friends.
- Stratocracy - He is a dog... but he sure does behave a lot like a person.
- Authoritarianism - Carelessly leading people into a life as a slave to desire is one thing, but forcing it on people?
- Police Statism - Behold, the great thief is carrying away the little thief!
- Alexandrism - Dude, for the last time, get out of my sun!
- Mr. Know it all smarty pants - Hey Plato! Plato, look Plato, I found your human Plato! Hey, where are you going, don't walk away from me Plato, come look at the the human!