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    Bo Xilai is a Chinese former politician who was convicted on bribery and embezzlement charges. Bo Xilai served as a member of the Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and Communist Party Secretary of Chongqing from 2007 until his arrest in 2012.

    History

    As Communist Party Secretary of Chongqing, Bo Xilai initiated a campaign against organized crime, increased spending on welfare programs, maintained consistent double-digit percentage GDP growth, and campaigned to revive Cultural Revolution-era "red culture". Bo's promotion of egalitarian values and the achievements of his Chongqing model made him the champion of the Chinese New Left, composed of both Maoists and social democrats disillusioned with the country's market-based economic reforms and increasing economic inequality.

    From 2009 to 2011 Bo Xilai and Police Chief Wang Lijun oversaw the "Chongqing Gang Trials" (or "Dahei Campaign") in which a total of 4,781 suspects were arrested, including 19 suspected crime bosses, hundreds of triad members, and a number of allegedly corrupt police, government, and Communist party officials. The Chongqing Gang Trials were heavily criticized for their lack of due process and for the arrests of innocents for political gain and suppression of dissent.

    As part of Bo Xilai and Wang Lijun's war on crime to maintain social and political stability in Chongqing, a major electronic surveillance operation that involved wiretaps, eavesdropping, and monitoring of internet communications was initiated with the help of Fang Binxing, the father of the Great Firewall. The eavesdropping operations did not only target local criminals, but also the communications of top Chinese leaders, including those of the CCP General Secretary Hu Jintao, as Bo Xilai tried to monitor nearly all central leaders who had visited Chongqing to better understand what they thought of him as he was set on being promoted to the Politburo Standing Committee of the Chinese Communist Party.

    Bo Xilai's political fortunes would come to an abrupt end following the Wang Lijun incident, in which his top lieutenant sought asylum at the American consulate in Chengdu with information about the involvement of Bo Xilai and his wife Gu Kailai in the murder of British businessman and possible MI6 informant Neil Heywood who had financial ties to the couple. In the fallout of the Wang Lijun Incident, Bo was removed as the CCP Committee secretary of Chongqing and was expelled from the Communist Party. In 2013, Bo was found guilty of corruption, and embezzlement, and was stripped of all his assets, and sentenced to life imprisonment at Qincheng Prison.

    Relationships

    Friends

    • Maoism - My biggest idol who’s legacy I was trying to revive in Chongqing. I even denounced my own father for you when I was a red guard. But why do you consider me a revisionist?
    • Kissingerism - Friend of the Chinese people!
    • Longism - My American counterpart. We are very similar.
    • Thaksinism - Same as above but Thai!

    Frenemies

    • Dengism - The reform and open was necessary but you took it too far. That’s why I am bringing back socialism.
    • Three Represents - Thanks for bringing me to power, but you are way too capitalist for my liking. Also, why did you backstab me following the Wang Lijun Incident even though I did everything to appease you?
    • Kleptocracy - Eliminate the mafia gangs in Chongqing! Just ignore I am corrupt too.


    Enemies

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