Benefactorism is an ideology, based on Yevgeny Zamyatin's dystopian novel "WE", that thinks, that all people should have the same clothing, same houses, same haircuts, same posessions, have casual sex only if you have the ticket for it and also should have numbers instead of their names (Example: D-503, R-13, I-330).
History and Influence
Benefactorism, as stated above, is based on the novel "WE", written in 1920, and published in 1924 by soviet author Yevgeny Zamyatin (RU: Евгений Замятин), who did so outside of the USSR, due to strict censorship laws that forbade any works, that criticized the state and/or celebrated their enemies. George Orwell read the novel in a french translation and wrote a review about it 8 months before creating the novel "Nineteen Eighty-four". Orwell is reported as "saying that he was taking it as the model for his next novel". Robert Russell, in an overview of the criticism of "WE", concludes, that "1984 shares so many features with "WE", that there can be no doubt about its general debt to it". George Orwell also claimed, that Aldous Huxley's "Brave New World"(1932) must be partly derived from "WE". However, in a letter to Christopher Collins in 1962, Huxley said, that he wrote "Brave New World" as a reaction to H. G. Wells' utopias long before he had heard of "WE".