Anti-Chileanism, also known as Chilenofobia, is hatred or bigotry towards Chilean people. It is highly popular in the countries of Argentina, Peru and Bolivia (especially the latter two), countries that have lost a slightly significant amount of land to Chile in the past two centuries. It wants to partition Chile into lost territories or even completely annex it.
The terms "anti-Chileanism", "anti-Chilean feeling" and "Chileanphobia" have different uses in each aspect already mentioned, but they mainly fulfill the goal of showing hostility towards everything that is "Chilean" or related to it. The conflicts that have precedents to the anti-Chilean sentiment are the following.
Chilean military interventions in matters related to Peru and Bolivia such as the wars of independence, the invasion of the Peru-Bolivian Confederation, the Atacama border disputes and especially the War of the Pacific where Chile won and left Bolivia landlocked.
The constant border disputes between Chile and Argentina in the Patagonia region. In addition, the events that occurred during the Beagle conflict in 1978 and the Chilean diplomatic support to the United Kingdom during the Falklands War.
Anti-Chileanism by country
The Peruvian government expelled Chilean citizens from their lands in 1879, the question for the sovereignty of Tacna and Arica, President Augusto Leguía used the term "Captive Provinces" in favor of winning over to Peru the settlers of the disputed provinces. Subsequently, the occupation of Lima and the province of Tacna by Chilean soldiers increased anti-Chilean sentiment in those areas.
From 1968 to 1975 during the Revolutionary Government of the Armed Forces, General Juan Velasco again used the term captive provinces to refer to the territories that today comprise the Chilean regions of Arica and Parinacota and Tarapacá.
The then candidate for the presidency of Peru, Ollanta Humala gave a speech that in Chile was described as "anti-Chilean."
President Hilarión Daza had a clearly anti-Chilean policy, he was the one who ordered the “10 Cents Tax”, later the Bolivian government, like Peru, expelled Chilean citizens to their country in 1879, events that generated the War of the Pacific. Years later, the government of Evo Morales reinitiated the issue of a sovereign outlet to the sea for Bolivia.
Argentine General Luciano Benjamín Menéndez was a prominent defender of the war against Chile during the Beagle conflict and was known for his aggressive and vulgar speech against the citizens of that country.
| Phobias, Discriminations, |
|Country/Nationality||Anglophobia • Anti-Americanism • Anti-Chileanism • Anti-Italianism • Brazilophobia • Francophobia • Germanophobia • Grecophobia • Lusophobia • Mexicophobia • Romanophobia • Romophobia • Russophobia • Sinophobia • Swissphobia • Ukrainophobia • Ultra-Anglophobia • Ultra-Francophobia • Ultra-Germanophobia|
|Religion||Anti-Atheism • Religiophobia • Anti-Paganism • Anti-Satanism • Anti-Judaism • Christophobia • Islamophobia|
|Ethnicity/Race||Anti-Semitism • Anti-Filipinoism Anti-Roma|
|Sexuality/Orientation||Anti-Pansexualism • Acephobia • Biphobia • Heterophobia • Homophobia|
|Gender/Sex||Anti-Boyism • Anti-Girlism • Misandry • Misogyny • Sexism • Transphobia • FloppagenderPhobia|
|Species||Misanthropy • Speciesism • Xenospeciesism|
|Other||Autismophobia • Discriminationism • Harmophobia|
|Off-Compass||Ultra-Anglophobia • Ultra-Francophobia • Ultra-Germanophobia|